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SIEF2011 10th Congress: Lisbon, Portugal.
17-21 April 2011

(P201)

REGENLAB: new cartographies for an 'urban regeneration'

Location Tower A, Piso 3, Room 311
Date and Start Time 19 Apr, 2011 at 14:30

Convenor

Cristina Milão (Escola superior Artística do Porto) email
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Short Abstract

From the subject and the production of 'new cartographies', East and West Europe met. The various cultural identities, changes, new mental maps and geographies (Europe as a continent-city), will allow us to confront and promote new visions and emerging demands.

Long Abstract

REGENLAB is a project connected to urban issues in all their dimensions and with the creative potential of cities as a means of urban regeneration, as a vehicle to promote the participation of citizens in contemporary society. One of its goals is to explore the idea of 'mapping' of the city as a method of construction of new mental frameworks of urban territory.

The intention and desire to promote a European exchange appears within multidisciplinary fields (artists, cultural animators, architects, designers, planners, etc) involving five countries: Portugal, Latvia, Spain, France and Lithuania. Framed in the main project, this exchange appears and has an eminently sociocultural character of critical reflection and provocation: How does, today and in the past, the present encoding in maps reflect our culture? How does world abstraction associated with cartography establish new intertextualities?

This research had the goal of reflecting and exploring through psychogeography and phenomenology the actors, agents and processes that take part in the city transformation to find these new arguments, problems that contribute to the discussion of urban regeneration: an alternative, the new cartography of the city, proposes, using culture and creativity as tools (approaching the project) to promote interest, participation and local social responsibility, active citizenship in general and European citizenship in particular.

This panel welcomes researchers working on similar projects.

This panel is closed to new paper proposals.

Papers

Influence of social actors on urban regeneration in Zagreb

Author: Jelena Zlatar  email
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Short Abstract

All spatial changes have primarily been the result of desires and objectives of various spatial actors. They may be individuals, groups or institutions who protect their own specific interests and values and offer every day life projects wishing to realize them.

Long Abstract

In the period of post-socialism and in the context of social transition, influenced by various trends, Croatia, along with other transitional countries, encounters numerous changes, both in its social structure and its space.

Urban renewal is originally a process that started in the sixties and the seventies of the 20th century and is connected to the preservation and reconstruction of the historical heritage. All spatial and social changes as well as urban renewal and urban regeneration are guided by the wishes and goals of various actors. They may be individuals, groups or institutions whose position in the social structure enables them to use the resources of the society at their will and protecting their own specific interests and values. Their acts produce a new, specific form of urban renewal, even though it may be completely out of context of the city. Hence a trend of overbuilding, loss of public space, unplanned building etc.

This paper is about spatial changes that have taken place in Zagreb in the last ten years through processes of urban transformation and urban renewal and examples of business towers and shopping centres built throughout that period. Problems of urban renewal and regeneration will be more closely observed in the period 2000-2009.

Research will be based on qualitative methodology, that is historical-comparative method which includes half-structured interviews with the actors and textual analysis of interviews.

The public space assault: new frames of institutional violence in Barcelona

Author: Miquel Fernández (Universitat de Barcelona)  email
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Short Abstract

This paper tries to contribute to a criticism to the ethical implications and street life changes in the context of Barcelona's down town urban renewal. Focusing on ethnographic work in d'en Robador Street of Barcelona.

Long Abstract

The incisions perpetrated in Barcelona's Public Space have been justified with the discourse of the need to put Barcelona into the market of the Global Cities. In these cities the production of profits is deputized at the service sector in prejudice of the industrial itself and it promotes the enormous entrance of property, financial and tourist capital. We came across a process of tertiarization which, in due time, requires a musealization of the city that makes it attractive for financial investors.

These transformations do not attempt only to modify the physical morphology of the city, rather, they aspire to transform their inhabitants' cultural and commodities practices to the point to substitute the same neighbours for other ones further in harmony with these new scenes, in what is known as Gentrification.

Assuming that this substitution of habits and of inhabitants has not taken place naturally, the Town council, negotiating various public and private interests has established a normative disposed frame to the aesthetic and ethical renewal. It has to do with a new set of standards that narrow the variety of ways of behaving in the Public Space. They specially affect any subject that does not respond to a sort of universal standard rules of behaviour.This regulation brought together in 2006, is popularly known as "Ordenança cívica".

The Robadors's street ethnography allows problematizing Public Space concept and contrasting it to Multitude with the intention of exposing the existent correlations between these urban transformations and the interested conceptualization of public space notion.

Marketplaces: a theme to rethink the city

Author: Cristina Milão (Escola superior Artística do Porto)  email
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Short Abstract

The market, singular and plural, has different meanings: - from the buildings and sites resulting from the materialization of a mixed market economy to the economical system, in this moment of crisis, for some it´s the end, for others is the opportunity to be re visioned.

Long Abstract

From the political system of the Athens Ágora to the current neoliberal shopping malls the relationship between what is planned and what is not, raise the issue.

The hygienist city contributed significantly to the affirmation of the markets as urban infrastructure. The confrontation and resistance of this model with the rational city and the neoliberal city will be the focus.

In the traditional markets and fairs, the value of the senses, the mixture of smells, sounds, richness, concentration and variety of products make them wanted by the communities and those who visit want to know the culture and local identity. The urban heritage, which the market is an integral part is not recognized as a resource, but more as a backdrop. 
As a resource, memory and patrimony "are built from the inside out, creating opportunities for well-being of the community residents who live in the city where the citizen is the protagonist - which singled out, that we add value and opportunity the future and then to merge other values.

In this sense emerges also the questions of use and right. But these spaces are controlled and in what way are available. Is there room for spontaneity. Do they respect the identity and cultural values.

Thereby I propose a reflection through this morpho-typology, past and present, through the analysis and comparisons of portuguese study-cases referring them to the most paradigmatic international context.

Nairobi: reshaping the slums

Author: Alda Coelho (AA - school of architecture)  email
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Short Abstract

This paper takes the urban space of the so-called underdevelopment countries as its main scenery. The concepts of underdevelopment, sustainability and emergency will be reviewed in the realm of architecture.

Long Abstract

A case study in the context of Nairobi, presented in the scope of an international architecture competition was the starting point for a theoretical and practical investigation that tries to reveal how can the architect conciliate the demands and pressures of globalization, with a growth that is sustainable and respectful of cultural values, traditions and local conditions, when intervening in informal settlements in an underdevelopment country.

Starting by an interpretation of this premise in the contemporary architecture field of study and the social and human responsibility of the architect as an intervenient in the modeling and organization of space. Analysis advances into the dimension and origin of the world's tragedy, drawing a portrait of the present geopolitical situation and showing the gaps rooted both in the urban organization and in the architectural design of cities.

The progress of the theoretical framework about the informal settlements, their formation and organization, and the search for answers both of architecture to the human emergencies as of the role of the architect in these contexts, was recovered in a second phase of practical investigation, with the opportunity to travel to Kenya.

The confrontation with the reality of the informal city presented a new perspective to the work, which resulted in the development of a new proposal of intervention in the slums of Nairobi - a building prototype, no further than a most simplified system of housing assemblage for self-construction, whose design was directly inspired by the observation of existing structures.

Urban regeneration from below? Palestinian heritage NGOs and the creative remapping of Palestine

Author: Chiara De Cesari (University of Amsterdam)  email
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Short Abstract

This paper explores the creative mapping practices of a number of Palestinian heritage NGOs which have been very active in recent years in urban regeneration projects throughout the West Bank. It argues that these practices participate in forms of non-state governmentality and raises questions about local participation.

Long Abstract

This paper explores the creative mapping practices of a number of Palestinian heritage NGOs which have been very active in recent years in urban regeneration projects throughout the West Bank. Beyond the common sense dichotomy between art as radical practice and heritage as conservation, this paper analyzes Palestinian heritage as the ambiguous terrain where these two practices meet, creating a language that is both locally rooted and cosmopolitan. By examining the 2007 and 2009 Palestinian art biennials, which placed a strong emphasis on the country's heritage, I show how art in this context functions as the platform for different forms of national remembrance and imaginations, while heritage provides a site for new creative cartographies. Organized by a heritage organization, the biennials highlight the innovative practices of a new generation of Palestinian heritage NGOs, which continue a local, deeply rooted lineage of social organizing marked by the alliance between heritage, the arts and liberation politics. This cultural production undermines a traditional dichotomy between heritage and counter-memory for, as I argue, it represents both part of a state-building project and an act of anti-colonial cultural resistance, suspended between what scholars term transnational governmentality and countergovernmentality. In other words, I argue that Palestinian heritage practices constitute a form of non-state governmentality. In this context, problems of representation and participation acquire strong relevance.

This panel is closed to new paper proposals.