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IUAES 2013: Evolving Humanity, Emerging Worlds. 5-10 August 2013.

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Evolving humanity, emerging worlds

Manchester, UK; 5th-10th August 2013

(MUS07)

Japanese military sexual violence in Asian regions

Location Alan Turing Building G108
Date and Start Time 09 Aug, 2013 at 09:00

Convenor

Ga Wu (Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences) email
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Short Abstract

The event focus on the crimes they committed against women in and off the battlefield, collected evidences also from North Korea, South Korea, the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, East Timor and other countries in the pacific region.

Long Abstract

The exhibition provides a comprehensive analysis of Japan's comfort women system. Because of this history, for a long time, Chinese society was filled with a strong hatred towards Japan. Chinese will never forget the war. It is like a chamber of unconditional rage, regardless age, region, or political views; all Japanese are discursively constructed as our enemy. During the Japanese tsunami period, many extreme articles appeared on many Internet sites. SITES. In reality, Japan is an ideologically pluralistic society. There are extreme right-wing forces hostile to China, and some government officials glorify war, even try to revive militarism. However, there are also some groups in Japan that try their best to have deep critical reflection. The post-war generation loves world peace, is eager to improve Japan-Chinese friendship. The women and peace museum exhibition project will bring some positive results in order to build more fair and healthy societies in both China and Japan.

Chair: Ga WU
Discussant: Fumiko Yamashita

This panel is closed to new paper proposals.

Papers

In Solidarity with "Daniang": Transnational Panel Exhibit on Japan's Military Sexual Violence

Author: Fumie Ohashi  email
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Short Abstract

This paper describes the impact of the panel exhibit on Japan's military sexual Violence from feminist perspective.

Long Abstract

We, Committee for the Panel Exhibit in China on Japan's Military Sexual Violence, started our activity in China after the China Exhibit at Women's Active Museum on War and Peace (wam) in Tokyo in 2007. Since 2009 we have succeeded our exhibits in China in cooperation with local museums, scholars and feminist activists. By the end of the year 2012, we have had our exhibits in Shanxi, Beijing, Shaanxi, Guangzhou and Nanjing, and will have another exhibit in Beijing in 2013.

This paper is based on the empirical findings through the actual networking among women and men across China and Japan. The title "In Solidarity with 'Daniang'" is what contributors share in our hearts. Daniang (grandma) is how we call the Chinese survivors from the Japanese military sexual violence during Sino-Japan War. By reviewing how Chinese and Japanese contributors have espoused and pursued this cause, I would like to discuss the possibilities of transnational feminisms among Asia.

Reflection on Exhibit by Japan's War and Women Museum: Comfort Women or Sexual Slave?

Author: Ga Wu (Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences)  email
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Short Abstract

Based on these discussions, the paper believed that both the concept of “comfort women” and “sex slaves” should be kept in discussion but there should be a very distinctive division between the two definitions.

Long Abstract

Due to the impact strength of the United Nation, the topics of reflections on Japan's war have transformed from the "comfort women" to the "Sexual slavery". This important shift firstly occurred in 1996 when South Korea and the United States took the lead in changing its expression. Then the European Parliament, Canada and other countries endorsed the use of the concept of sexual slavery after 2007 and the Secretary of U.S., Hillary Clinton issued the country file with the concept of sex slaves in 2012, such a behavior affected global countries. However, it proposed led to protest from the Japanese government.

After reviewing of current published research literature, the paper found that the Western readers re more familiar with the concept of sex slaves because there are already many existing literatures, paintings and photography which have delivered abundant data. However, such definitions of "sex slaves" may be irrelevant with the phenomenon of comfort women during the Second World War because the crimes involving sex slaves are more concerned with history in Ancient Roman or the Middle East. Reviewing those historical literatures will help us reflect on the anti-rationalism of comfort women.

Based on these discussions, the paper believed that both the concept of "comfort women" and "sex slaves" should be kept in discussion but there should be a very distinctive division between the two definitions.

This panel is closed to new paper proposals.

Sponsors

Wenner-Gren Visit Manchester ASA RAI Manchester University