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IUAES 2013: Evolving Humanity, Emerging Worlds. 5-10 August 2013.

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Evolving humanity, emerging worlds

Manchester, UK; 5th-10th August 2013

(LD20)

Child and youth development: problems, perspective and dimensions in the 21st century

Location Alan Turing Building G113
Date and Start Time 06 Aug, 2013 at 11:00

Convenor

Gonzalo Saravi (CIESAS) email
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Short Abstract

Child and youth development is a crucial issue in today's world. Children and youth are in pathetic condition. It is moral duty of people of 21st century that they protect children and youth for the future.

Long Abstract

Child and youth development is a crucial issue in all over the world. More than 200 million children under 5 years fail to reach their potential in cognitive development because of poverty, poor health and nutrition, and lack of early stimulation. The main causes of poor child development - stunting, iodine and iron deficiencies, and inadequate cognitive and social-emotional stimulation have been identified. On one hand where there are social, political and economic issues are responsible for poor development of child and youth in developing countries at the same time on other hand psychological and other mental issues are pushing youth on deviation path.

The picture is very disastrous in so called militant countries where their children are being trained as extremists and militant. In these types of countries some people are encroaching childhood, and children become terrorists in their young age. Children and youth want a suitable direction to do right for the society. The society can give as they want. Such as engaging youth in environmental service projects is an innovative way of achieving several priority objectives through one single intervention or Interventions for youth are often multi-sectoral in nature, ranging from job and life-skills development to programs for better health and nutrition.

Children and youth are particularly vulnerable and their rights and interests need special attention. Proposed panel is being organised for the discussion and policy suggestions on psycho-social, socio-economic and socio-political issues of child and youth development

This panel is closed to new paper proposals.

Papers

An empirical study on ragpickers (children and women) in Delhi, India

Author: Richa Chowdhary (University of Delhi)  email
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Short Abstract

Informal sector of urban rural economics of developing countries is an important source of employment for a major chunk of labour force perticularly CHILD AND WOMEN.

Long Abstract

This study will show the focus of child and women rag pickers,health aspect, expenditure patterns of heard earn money,of Delhi INDIA.The finding shows that majority of rag pickers are suffering from ill health and are having bad habits like- tobacco-chewing and consumption of alcohol with taking drugs or abusing drugs.Nearly all the rag pickers are earning more then 1500/-per month but their entire major expenditure is on unproductive and useless items.

Because of illiteracy ,poverty,indebtedness of their family are the main cause for the poor children and women opting for rag picking activity ,which has become one of the important social problems.

Child and youth development - a psychological or sociological concept

Author: Chaitali Choudhury (B.K.Girls' College, India)  email
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Short Abstract

Child and youth development in the technologically advanced society is a combination of both psychological and sociological concepts and it is becoming very significant in view of the diverse problems of modern luxurious life-style along with the advanced social ideas.

Long Abstract

Child and youth development - a psychological or sociological concept

The social existence of human beings continues down the generations through their offsprings. Consequently, the rearing and development of children is the question which proves to be of significance in the present context.

The different aspects of child development are summarized below-

1. Parental factor contributing to the happy future life to be enjoyed by the children.

2. Subsequent emotional development and relationship with the parents

3. Cognitive development and consequent language development.

4. Social behaviour of children in the face of the technologically advanced social environment along with its pros and cons.

5. The healths of the children are also of vital importance.

Taking into consideration all the aspects of child development we need to concentrate on certain outcomes which might help in the all round development of the children as matured young individuals.

First, the family and parental characteristics are very strongly related to child care and development.

Second, the amount of time devoted matters too.

Thirdly, care should be taken to vary the type of child care setting for different ages and the consequent varying impacts are to be noted, more so, when the influence of certain factors in the technologically advanced 21st society are not congenial to child development and consequent youth development.

Therefore, nurturing a child from birth to the stage of an independent young individual is a process wherein both psychological as well as sociological factors are active in the true sense of the term.

Disadvantages and Inequalities among Contemporary Latin American Youth: Key Issues and Policy Challenges

Author: Gonzalo Saravi (CIESAS)  email
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Short Abstract

This paper identifies and analyzes the main issues affecting future opportunities of Latin American youth. Using recent statistics and qualitative researches, the paper examines key nodes of cumulative disadvantages during the transition to adulthood

Long Abstract

During the last three decades Latin American societies have experienced deep political, economic, social and even cultural transformations. In this new context, and as a result of some of those processes, youth has become today a particularly vulnerable period of the life course. Youngsters embodied some of the main dilemmas of a new "social question", which main feature is social inequality. Firstly, this paper explores some of the main contemporary demographic and socio-economic trends of Latin American youth. Secondly it focuses on some key issues of the current patterns of transition to adulthood: early pregnancy and marital unions; school drop-out; labor insecurity; illegal migration; institutional exclusion; and violence and crime. They are conceptualized as nodes of disadvantage -that is, key links in a chain of cumulative disadvantages. The result of these processes is a growing gap in life opportunities of the youngest generations and the risk of social exclusion or a second class citizenship for a significant sector of disadvantaged youth. The paper concludes with some policy recommendations, emphasizing the need of a dual approach in youth social policies and programs that should take into account both rights and risks.

Educated Youth and Emerging Health Problems : A Case Study of Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla

Authors: Sujit Surroch (Government Post Graduate College Palampur, H.P., India)  email
Shaizy Ahmed (H.p.University, Summerhill, Shimla)  email
O P Monga (Shoolini University of Biotechnology & Management Sciences)  email
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Short Abstract

This paper focuses on emerging health problems in educated youth and their perception of it.

Long Abstract

Fourty percent India's population is comprised of young persons between 15-24 years of age as per WHO. There number in 2001 was 230 million. The importance of youth in socio-economic development of society is universally recognized. Unfortunately, they are becoming vulnerable to alcoholism, smoking, drug-addiction, crimes, most particularly sexual crimes, psycho-sexual adjustment, dowry, coping with pressures and adjustment in the family and community etc. they are the most exploited and confused section of the society. It has two objectives: one, to understand the situations: family, parents, schools and institutions of higher learning, community etc., in which youth experiences much of its turmoil and problems; second, to empirically explore perception of the youth about multifarious problems, they face while trading through this stage of life and entering into the world of work and progressing toward becoming a responsible citizen.

Findings based on interviews of 450 students of Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla and group discussions revealed that value conflict, performance pressure both from parents and educational institutions, career conflict, unemployment and unhealthy political atmosphere contribute to health problems. There is need for more in-depth research studies for holistic view. Some suggestions which may help young to solve their problems are put forward.

This panel is closed to new paper proposals.

Sponsors

Wenner-Gren Visit Manchester ASA RAI Manchester University