Evolving humanity, emerging worlds
Manchester, UK; 5th-10th August 2013
Food security and rural development
Location University Place 4.209
Date and Start Time 08 Aug, 2013 at 09:00
In developing world food insecurity is the major hurdle in rural development. The thrust of all the Food Programmes run by the government or NGOs should shift to people's participation to bring the hungry, malnourished, and vulnerable within the ambit of human development.
The government in developing countries claims that they have attained self sufficiency in food grain production. What is the measure of Self Sufficiency, whether it is Quality or Quantity? The claim of record breaking food grain production will not feed the hungry stomach of starving million.
The reports of large quantity of food grains getting rotted present a dismal picture in the backdrop of hungry people. Doing simple effective measures like improving the storage facilities of food grains, so that wastage food grains can be avoided, prompt movement to places of need will go a long way in reducing food shortage to some extent. Proper distribution through public distribution system must be strengthen to achieve food security in developing world.
Chair: Dr Bijoy Kumar Mohanty
Discussant: Dr Vijay Prakash Sharma
This panel is closed to new paper proposals.
One of the worst droughts in all times in the Horn of Africa.
I'm going to introduce an anthropological study based on what is happening in the Horn of Africa which is suffering the consequences of a terrible drought causing tragedies and suffering of this population.
According to a report of the United Nations in which a large number of people will be affected by a severe shortage of food as a result of the effects of a terrible drought, which, combined with the increase of the prices of food and fuel as their scarcity is occurring in the Horn of Africa, FAO warned today. High rates of acute malnutrition and mortality.
The current crisis is not unusual or accidental, but that is chronic and long-lasting in the region. Where there is a union of all the nations of our planet to help this region of the drought. How to help the farmers and pastoralists to adapt to this new reality of high variability of the climate and more frequent extreme weather events, said Rod. Regional Coordinator for central and eastern Africa FAO emergency.
I intend to help these people who are like all humans and that without the support of the international community will have the suffering of the hunger,and other terrible consequences.
Status of Food Security Schemes among the Bedia tribe of Jharkhand
Jharkhand is one of the very rich state in terms of its natural resources, land ,forest and minerals but on the other hand incidence of poverty is also very high.
Jharkhand is one of the very rich state in terms of its natural resources, land, forest and minerals but on the other hand incidence of poverty is also very high. People in many areas live in poverty, hunger and destitution. The indicators of development which includes, literacy, mortality rates, infant mortality rate, unemployment and nutritional status, level of poverty, hunger etc. are at the bottom of the reports of hunger deaths in Jharkhand, are the clear indication of that a considerable number of the population is suffering from malnutrition, and hunger. But, in recent times a number of food security and social security scheme has been launched in the country. These are Public Distribution System, Mid Day Meal, ICDS, Annapurna Yojna, Antodaya Yojna, National Family Benefit Scheme, National Maternity Benefit Scheme, National Age Old Pension etc. These schemes are also for the Jharkhand state but proper implementation of these are lacking. The non- implementation of these schemes is clear violation of fundamental right of the people in the area. According to government estimates, around 23.22 lakhs families in the rural areas live below the poverty line, out of which 3.91 lakhs belong to SCs and 8.79 lakhs to STs. This paper will deal in the above background of the Jharkhand state and particularly in the community, the Bedia, a neglected tribe of Jharkhand. The population of the Bedia tribe is distributed in Ranchi and Ramgarh districts of Jharkhand.
Food security and Rural Development in Khunti area of Jharkhand
Food insecurity is getting high with increase pressure on land, rapid empower mental degradation, frequent natural calamities and inequitable distribution of resources. This situation is particularly serious in Khunti area of Jharkhand which is most insecure in terms of food and nutritional security
Agriculture is the main source of livelihood. Most of the people of Khunti are either small or marginal farmers with less than one hectare of farmland. Majority of the population is tribal in the Khunti sub-division and they are dependent on agriculture and forests for their livelihood. Lack of food security from the land has compelled many tribal families to migrate out of their own villages. This is despite the fact that the existing landholdings can provide stable livelihoods to the tribal families. Lack of land development, irrigation, credit, know-how for improved agriculture, access to market etc. act as serious constraints leading to a large number of impoverished tribal families. The area is famous for the Lac cultivation. A large part of the India's total lac production comes from this area.Lac, a natural polymer (resin) is produced by a tiny insect, Kerria lacca (Kerr), which is purposely cultured on shoots of several species of trees, mainly palas, kusum and ber. This agricultural profession of lac cultivation is a subsidiary source of income for a large number of families in the area.
The paper will discuss about the following points:--
1. Recognize traditional occupation
2. Create employment opportunities in village
3. Fix and effectively implement a minimum wage
4. Organize unorganized sector workers
Sending technology to peripheral farming communities: a challenge ahead
Ensuring technology flow to drench the need of outreach people is a challenge. The Subalterns are crippled with abject poverty of both means and knowledge. The socialization of technology for this people has to consider the following barriers like poverty, attitudinal impediments.
Marginalization is an inevitable consequence where ever globalization is the reality. This is exactly what is happening in Indian agriculture, covering the whole length and breath of the rural economy. More farmers are joining the Diaspora of out reach, subaltern community to face more bites of hunger and more brunt of impoverishment. The present inquiry highlights the factors contributing to the creation of new divide, the resource have not. Most of the factors are running in a meandering way the characterized the level of poverty and degree of impoverishment. The research outcome will rightly be destined for improving the reach out target groups for their much needed interventions. This also may go out in epitomizing the subaltern concept of redressing poor people interest both in societal and technology terms. Beyond this the other issues will crop up as ancillary development like gender and poverty, spatial distribution and accessibility and entitlement.
This panel is closed to new paper proposals.