This panel aims to examine the ways in which the illustrated popular magazines contributed to modernity in Latin America between the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It will focus in particular on the role played by visuality and visual media.
At the turn of the nineteenth century, illustrated popular magazines mirrored and shaped crucial cultural and socio-political processes while bringing scientific discoveries, technological inventions, current affairs of transnational scope, national politics, entertainment and sports to contemporary city life experience. At the crossroads of cultural, technical, financial and commercial stimuli, they contributed to the formation of a new urban popular culture and readership while backing-up and simultaneously resisting political discourses and progressive ideologies. Unlike other magazines, the illustrated ones offered their readers new manners to 'see' on the printed pages the world they were experimenting in a period in which the encounter of the verbal and the visual was dominating people's perception of the world and was occurring in other media such as press photography, cinema and comics. This panel seeks to investigate how the illustrated magazines expressed and contributed to the so called 'uneven' modernity in Latin America and the role played within this process by visuality and visual media. Papers will include analysis of the magazines' use of photography and cinema, the visual representation of race and class, graphic humour, the idea of the popular and the rising of new ways of seeing in Argentina, Peru, Brazil and Cuba over the late nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth century. The panel welcomes papers on any of the aspects mentioned here as well as those focusing on other regions and on the legacy left by the first illustrated cultural magazines.