The session explores the experiences of protection and integration of asylum seekers and refugees in Latin America, within the programmes emerged from regional responses to forced migration. It will discuss how these initiatives are locally implemented and experienced in Latin American countries.
This session explores the experiences of asylum seekers and refugees in Latin America, within regional responses to forced migration. The panel looks to discuss how these regional initiatives are implemented in Latin American countries, what is their impact and the tensions emerging from it. In a context where the tendency of closed borders is increasing, the challenges of forced migration seem to be on the rise and regional approaches are often considered to be an effective way to achieve durable solutions (UNHCR, 2000). This type of regional approach is not new in Latin America, which main regional instrument is the 1984 Cartagena Declaration. In 2004 twenty countries of the region renewed their commitment to refugee protection through the Mexico Plan of Action (MPA), an agreement seeking to provide a response to the needs of refugees in mixed migration flows in different contexts, such a border and urban areas (White, 2012). At 10 years of the agreement, has the MPA accomplished its commitment? Thepanel invites interdisciplinary interventions addressing some of, but not limited to, these questions: How are these regional agreements being implemented in Latin America? What are the experiences of integration of asylum seekers and refugees in the region? How is national normative framed within these approaches? What impact, if any, do these regional responses have in the integration of refugees? How the notions of integration and citizenship can be understood in this context? The panel aims to contribute to the better understanding of forced migration in Latin America.