The panel explores how development encounters contribute to new configurations of identities and environments. We invite analyses considering the consequences of inclusions and exclusions in development programmes, and the ways in which local groups negotiate the meanings of their futures.
The aim of this panel is to explore the role of the implementation of development programmes in the formation of new development subjectivities among impoverished groups, indigenous societies and other ethnic minorities in Latin America. As a result of the recent influence of multicultural discourses centred on well-being, buen vivir and development-cum-identity, development actors are today shaping ethnic and environmental landscapes by including specific territories and groups of people in development programmes and by excluding others. State programmes, NGOs, international funds and actions spurred by corporate social responsibility contribute to the configurations of new subjectivities and inter-ethnic relations through the definition of key concepts such as culture, identity, community, environment and well-being. Within already-marginalized groups, emerging forms of exclusions and inequality may affect those who do not fit into the new categories of development-associated identities, for example temporary agricultural labourers, indigenous people living in urban areas, and immigrants. We invite papers reflecting on the consequences of inclusion and exclusion within the development gaze (Croll & Parkin 1992, Escobar 1995) in comparative and relational terms. We ask how relations between 'indigenous' and 'non-indigenous' are articulated through such processes; and how different political and environmental landscapes emerge. We aim to tackle these questions by bringing together analyses of power/knowledge in neoliberal and post-neoliberal discourses (Goodale & Postero 2013) with case-studies of development encounters in which local groups actively reconfigure the meanings and images of their future associated with development plans.