Situating Dalit women within human rights and development: Indian scenario
Anjali Kurane (Savitribai Phule Pune University (Formerly University of Pune))
Paper short abstract:
Dalit women are dependently placed at the end of India's caste, class and gender hierarchies and experience prevalent caste oppression, discrimination, exploitation, marginalization and violence. This paper critically analyse the situation of Dalit women within human rights and development.
Paper long abstract:
The Dalit women constitute about 80 million a distinct social category of the Indian population. Socio-economic, cultural, political inequalities between castes and gender led to violence agonists the Dalit women. They face of severe caste and gender inhuman violence in the form of verbal abuse, to physical beating, physical violence, sexual exploitation sexual harassment, rape ,gang rape, rape of minor girls, murder and attempt to murder, battering and acid attack, social boycott, murder of husbands and sons, kidnap and abduction, forced prostitution, and desertion, dehumanising social and occupational practices like manual scavenging and devadasi system forced on Dalit women. Apart from the constitutional and legal measures, policy initiatives, even after the six decades of India's independence Dalit women remained at the bottom of the social hierarchy and face the challenge of accessing their human right in the process of Development. Caste based discrimination led millions of Dalit women to systematic human rights violation , impertinence and humiliation, inhumane living conditions, placed them on the bottom rung in all development indicators .This paper critically exploring the issues of Dalit Women's human rights, dignity and development in Indian society.
Human rights and development: challenges and opportunities (Commission on Human Rights)