Accepted paper:

Roles of camels in Afro-Eurasian inner dry land civilization

Authors:

Takashi Sakata (Ishinomaki Senshu University)

Paper short abstract:

Old world camels have been supporting human life in Afro-Eurasian inner dry land. The present distribution of and food production from old world camels in and around Afro-Eurasian inner dry land countries will be reviewed.

Paper long abstract:

Old world camels (Camelus dromedarius and Camelus bactrianus) have been contributing to the human life in Afro-Eurasian inner dry land. Camels have been providing food (milk, meat and blood), fiber for clothes and housing, and labor force for transport, agriculture and military activity. The distribution of and food production from old world camels will be reviewed mainly based on the statistical data of FAO. Considering the physiologic characteristics of camels and humans, humans have been depending on camels to overcome the heat and shortages in water and food to Afro-Eurasian inner dry land. In other words, domestication of camels should have been the key for humans to invade Afro-Eurasian inner dry land.

panel P109
Afro-Eurasian inner dry land civilization