Land conversion and environmental challenges in South Sumatera
Syaifudin Zakir (Sriwijaya University)
Paper short abstract:
Land conversion in Indonesia per year changes 50 thousand-100 thousand fertile farmland, that also result in changes in forest and water catchment.
Paper long abstract:
Land conversion in Indonesia per year changes 50 thousand-100 thousand fertile farmland, that also result in changes in forest and water catchment. 50 percent of land conversion occurred on the island of Java. Land conversion in South Sumatera has run to many stages: First, from forest to plantation, food production and mining area; Second, from plantation and food production to commercial, and residential area and mining area; Third, plantation to mining area. Function diversion was followed by hoarding, so the land became less and less infiltration and result in flooding. Necessary concrete steps that this behavior can be prevented. The government must implement the strict supervision of the areas included in the ban area, so the convenience of the public can be maintained and protected from flooding during the rainy season, and the heat during the dry season. This land use conversion may not destructive the environmental and the issues of sustainability development itself.
Anthropological perspectives on environmental change and sustainable futures (Commission on Anthropology and the Environment)