Inequality, insecurity and clash in Indian society: a study with special reference to indigeneous people
Samar Biswas (University of North Bengal)
Paper short abstract:
Development is very much unidirectional and it has to be made sustainable. For that, conflict resolution is very much needed in a multi complex country, India. This article is going to focus on human security, inequality to equality and peaceful solution of culture clashes against deprivations.
Paper long abstract:
India is a multi-complex country. Here the people are divided into various tribes, castes, creeds, communities, languages, cultures, occupations, religions, social systems etc. This country is dominated by Hindu people who occupy around 80% of its total population. They are divided into five strata and these are also hierarchically arranged by several jatis/castes However, 15-20% of total population of India (belonging to upper strata) occupies the 80-85% of the resources, whereas 80-85% people (belonging to lower strata) enjoy the 15-20% resources only. It is the fact that greater section of people is suffering from various problems related to food, shelter, education, economy, health, politics, and so on. In this regard, the tribal people who are the original inhabitants of this country are about more than 8% of total population. Once they were the owner of huge resources but gradually they were becoming almost beggar having no sufficient land, forest, water, shelter, food, education etc. However, this situation is creating an adverse effect on their daily life and preventing their entire development. Whereas, little section of people (upper strata) enjoy all the facilities, meanwhile greater section of people face several problems related to human securities in all aspects- food, shelter, dress, education, politics, economy etc. and specially the tribals are the worst sufferer.
Development, disadvantaged people and human security: the emerging problems and contribution of anthropology in resolving the challenges (Commission on Human Rights)