Human Rights Commission: Indian scenario
Vislawath Jagadeesh (Karnatak Arts College of Karnatak University, Dharwad)
Paper short abstract:
India is one of the few countries that protect human rights through their Constitution. The civil and political rights guaranteed as fundamental rights are enforceable through the courts of law.
Paper long abstract:
India, being aware of the growing need to protect human rights, to join the international community in its effort to protect human rights, has acceded to various international instruments, chief among them are the Covenant on Civil and political Rights and Covenant on Economic and social Rights, 1966. Due to growing concern in the country and abroad, having regard to the changing social realities and emerging trends in the nature of crime and violence, to bring greater accountability and transparency in the administration of justice, the Government of India in 1993 passed the protection of Human Rights Act, which came into force on January 8, 1994. This protection of Human Rights Act, 1993, provide for setting up of National Human Rights Commission and State Human Rights Commissions. Therefore, this paper gives us an clear understanding of the Nature and substance on meaning of Human Rights Under the Act, functions and powers of the commission, etc.
Human rights and development: challenges and opportunities (Commission on Human Rights)