"Development" has often adversely affected the disadvantaged people and human security. Anthropological understanding can be very useful in this context to provide social safety nets to impoverished, marginalized people.
All are now talking for "development" and evolving different strategies for development. The development programmes have benefited some while created disruption and displacement of a large population in many countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. There is forest degradation and commercial afforestation as a result of which access and command over natural resources are restricted and survival and security of the people are also affected with non-availability of medicinal plants and less nutrition. One cannot stop exploitation of natural resources but what one is now looking for is how to achieve sustainable development. This may demand new development strategy with a genuine participatory approach and creating a process of natural resource use which is open, accessible and accountable for the security of the larger population. The concept of 'human security' has initiated the debate - what 'security' means and how to achieve. A number of Commissions have helped to change the focus of security analysis from national and state security to security of the people. Human security calls for a shift of security considering from state security to security of the people. Justice, equality and human dignity are the watch words of human rights discourse and intimately connected with human security. But the inequity of the international economic order has produced unacceptable levels of inequality, both internally and internationally. Conflicts have emerged in different parts of the world making life of the disadvantaged people, women and children very difficult. Anthropology can contribute in understanding these issues and evolving proper strategies.