How do sufferers from wars and disasters recover communal bonds? How does their "heritage" function in the recovery process? Contribution to both heritage studies and community-of-practice theory.
This panel explores how sufferers from wars and disasters recover communal bonds, and how their "heritage," institutionally designated or not, functions in the recovery process. Heritage here means things collectively approved as valuable and transmitted from generation to generation. Tangible heritage is generally transmitted by physical preservation and reparation, while intangible heritage by repetition in a way loyal to the past performances. Heritage studies have been fertilized with anthropological data and insights which have their base on local contexts and people's peculiar sense of lives. Above all, anthropologists have discussed people's involvement in keeping heritage in relation to heritage tourism (Lyon and Wells 2012), human rights to heritage (Langfield, Logan and Craith 2010), and intangible heritage (Smith and Akagawa 2009). Wars and disasters, rarely dealt with on the contrary, are even more important topic for heritage studies because the heritage can serve to build, rather than sustain, communities emerging on the devastated natural / social environment. This scope will be useful for the study of communities in general. This panel invites speakers who have been involved in the recovery from civil wars of three countries (Syria, Somalia and Mozambique) and the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011.