P075
Cultural diversity and multiculturalism in enterprise (Commission on Enterprise Anthropology)

Convenors:
Tomoko Connolly (College of William and Mary)
Chair:
Tomoko Connolly
Discussant:
Mitchell W. Sedgwick
Location:
Convention Hall A
Start time:
17 May, 2014 at 8:30
Session slots:
2

Short abstract:

This session will analyze culturally-distinct segments of enterprise (due to ethnicity, gender, race, religion, language, sexual-orientation, and disability) and enterprise multiculturalism. The panel will discuss theoretical issues of cultural diversity in enterprise anthropology.

Long abstract:

This session will analyze cultural diversity either as a demographic-sociological issue (studies of culturally-distinct segments of enterprise, and their interaction in society) or that of ideological nature (multiculturalism). Multiculturalism in enterprise acknowledges that members are culturally diverse because of perceived and historically-conditioned attributes such as ethnicity, gender, race, religion, language, sexual-orientation, and disability. Multiculturalism advocates that individuals and groups of diverse backgrounds should have the rights to retain their cultural heritage and identity while having equal and full access to commonly-shared resources and values prevailing in that enterprising community. The policy implementation of multiculturalism frequently involves multi-vocal processes of decision-making among varied stakeholders and dissimilar cultural groups. Cultural-diversity debates also involve issues of the human rights of the under-privileged, against the backdrop of cultural domination, inequality, harassment, exploitation, conflict, and discrimination. In addition, "globalization" is often said to have a negative effect on the world's cultural diversity. On the other hand, others stress that enterprise is a purposeful entity with specific territoriality that values integration, assimilation and hierarchical divisions of tasks for specific goal-attainment. Drawing from empirical and ethnographic cases, the panel will jointly explore theoretical issues of cultural diversity in enterprise anthropology.