The aim of this panel is to reconsider mobility of Mongolian pastoralists and understand their mobility as dynamics. In the Post-Socialist Era, their concept of mobility has been changing and expanding. This panel will deal with ecological and social sphere of Mongolian pastoralists.
Human history is that of expansion of human to space, so it is not too much to say that it is a history of movement or mobility. In other words, human is a living thing with mobility. Especially, mobility allows "nomadic" or mobile pastoralists to live and use resources in their circumstances. It is applicable to Mongolian pastoralists. Their way of life has been based on mobility for long time. It had attracted Japanese anthropologists and some of them carried out fieldwork there until the end of World War Ⅱ. In the Post-Socialist Era, Mongolian pastoralists have experienced political change and economic crisis, and their way of life has changed. Now we can't understand them as "nomadic" or mobile pastoralists so simply, and need to reconsider the concept of mobility of Mongolian pastoralists. Many types of mobility are seen in Mongolia: sedentarization as "zero mobility", migration between urban and rural areas, and movement over the border under globalization. Of course, pastoral movement continues to be carried out. Now we can see the concept of mobility has been changing and expanding. So, we need to understand mobility as dynamics. This panel focuses on the dynamics of various mobility and approaches pastoralism and society of Mongolia. The panel consists of two parts as follows: 1. Dynamics on ecological sphere This part will deal with pastoral movement in Mongolia. 2. Dynamics on social sphere This part will deal with sedentalization, migration, and other mobility about Mongolian pastoralists.