The indigenous people live in areas very rich in natural resources. In this era of Globalization, marginalization of these indigenous people is destroying their natural resources, structure, culture and identity and they are struggling for their survival.
It is estimated that there are more than 370 million indigenous people spread across 70 countries worldwide. Indigenous peoples are peoples defined in international or national legislation as having a set of specific rights based on their historical ties to a particular territory, and their cultural or historical distinctiveness from other populations that are often politically dominant. The concept of indigenous peoples defines these groups as particularly vulnerable to exploitation, marginalization and oppression by nation states that may still be formed from the colonizing populations, or by politically dominant ethnic groups. Survival has been the key objective of all human groups since time immemorial. The areas where indigenous people live are very rich so far the natural resources are concerned. But the poorest of the poor also live here. Again, a number of development programmes have been initiated which have varied effects on population. In many places, the development programmes have benefited some while created disruption and displacement for others, particularly the indigenous people affecting their survival and security. They lost their culture and identity due to impact of acculturation. In this session, these issues will be examined with cross-cultural data. In India, struggle for survival of a marginalized ethnic community in a multi-cultural setting with influential other population can be very easily observed through their social, cultural, religious, political, and economic standing. This panel invites papers on indigenous people who are struggling for their identity and survival in different parts with different aspects which are affecting them.