The pace of urbanization is quite fast in most of the developing countrie; there is an urgent need to examine the trend of urbanization with reference to cross-cultural situations.
It is well known that rural to urban migration (rather than natural growth of population) is the prime mover behind the urbanization process. Urbanisation, in the demographic sense, is an increase in the proportion of the urban population to the total population over a period of time. Each such towns and cities along with its outgrowth and also sometimes together with adjoining towns are termed as urban agglomeration. The pace of urbanization is quite fast in most of the developing countries, including India. Consequent to the rapid pace of urbanization, today there is a growing importance of the large metropolitan cities and the decreasing importance of the small towns. There is an urgent need to examine this trend of urbanization with reference to the cross-cultural situations evolving out of migration. Again, this movement of the predominantly rural folk to urban, metropolitan centres is an event of economic, socio-psychological and cultural significance. This migration from rural areas to urban centres does not involve merely a movement in physical space but from one form of organization of social life to another, from rural societies to relatively impersonal aggregate of people who are primarily engaged in administrative, commercial and industrial activity. It is to be seen whether people still maintain their distinct cultural traditions after migration or merge with other groups dissolving their own identities in the new urban environment.