Late Pleistocene-Holocene lithic industries from Mangkalihat karstic area, East Kalimantan (Eastern Borneo, Indonesia)
Francois-Xavier Ricaut (Université de Toulouse (Paul Sabatier) - CNRS UMR 5288)
Mohammad Ruly FAUZI (Palembang Archaeological Sevice Office, Ministry of Culture and Education)
Paper short abstract:
Lithic remains from prehistoric sites in East Kalimantan (Indonesia) provide new insights on Late Plesitocene-Holocene lithic industries from this region. Raw materials, knapping technics, and typo-technological description of the material will be discussed within Island South East Asia framework.
Paper long abstract:
Lack of data and studies on lithic remains from Kalimantan (Borneo) result in a limited understanding of human prehistory in this region. Current collaborative research by a French-Indonesian team is trying to reduce this lack of data by conducting field research and a multidisciplinary scientific project in the karstic region of Mangkalihat (East Kalimantan, Indonesia). A series of analyses related to typo-technological studies on the lithic materials from this project have brought new data and consecutive developments for a better understanding of the prehistory of Kalimantan in the regional context.
This paper will present and discuss some data from Liang Jon (2007-2008); Liang Abu (2009-2012); and Liang Pemalawan (2013). Our observations on the type of raw materials and knapping technics used, show some distinctive characteristics among these sites. However, homogeneity from a typo-technological point of view tend to appear in long chronological periods within this region. Hence, the lithic industry in Kalimantan seems to have some similar features (ie. homogeneity in long chronology) with several Indonesian prehistoric sites from the Late Pleistocene and Holocene periods.
Lithic technologies in Southeast Asia