Current research on Lithic Technologies in Southeast Asia has provided new interpretations and data on the stone knapping and tool use. The exhaustive studies and the further investigations in other potential areas will shed light on our understanding of the lithic technologies in this region.
The stone tools and techniques used to produce them are the indicators of material cultures and they play an important role in our understanding of the technological strategies and behaviours of prehistoric hunter-gatherers. Considerable progress has been achieved in recent years such as the systematic technological analysis that allows us to understand the stone knapping processes, façonnage, débitage and to approach the cognitive abilities of hominids and early modern humans. The typological approach was increasingly combined or replaced by the study of techno-economic behaviour and the concept of "chaîne opératoire" that enabled a better understanding of lithic assemblages in their complexities and diversities. Recent studies and new observations on the lithic industries in Southeast Asia have contributed to decode the human behaviours in this region and to support the existence of several techno-economic systems, which shows the diversity of technical strategies, the variability in lithic assemblages, the relative longevity and the complexity of the tools and material cultures that produced them. The aim of this session will be to compare the similarities and differences of lithic technologies between mainland and island Southeast Asia during the Late Pleistocene to Early Holocene. The topics cover theoretical and methodological approaches including raw materials, the use of the strategies and choice between mineral and vegetal landscape, mobility organization, and transferred knowledge in the production of tools.