Care and risk: Merits and demerits of loose governance
Arisa Ema (Kyoto University)
Paper short abstract:
Paper long abstract:
The pluralizing of policing expands caring by non-experts and/or semi-experts. It can be found in everyday local issues, especially in everyday security such as volunteer for crime prevention by local community (just watching). Since its easiness to participate that responsibility-free caring circle, it creates virtuous cycle to extend loose caring governance in community. However, once people starts thinking about responsibility to take care of others, especially children or elderly in community, "care" issues suddenly turns into a personal "risk" issue. These recent of trend of featuring mundane care to hazardous risk, enabled prosper of security industry and technologies. In Japan, since around 2005, many surveillance tools were developed by industries, for example, knowing the children's location by using RFID tags or mobile phones. However it just offers "peace of mind" for parents' and did not actually prevent child being caught by an accident or crime. Moreover, the problem is that this trend emphasized more risk perception on child security and the logic of care is to be confined only to personal risk issues. This study attempts to bridge researches on everyday care and risk perception by referring to the key concepts such as experts, participation, responsibility and governance, which are central STS topics.
Technologies of care and participation: Shifting the distribution of expertise and responsibilities