Recent major changes in rural development in Europe instigated by the decline in farming as a determinant, followed by population loss, lack of public services, economic and ecological degradation have brought about new demands made on rural space. A shift from the agricultural to the rural known as the 'post-productivist transition' has produced a type of modern rurality in which especially public space and rural landscape often became targets of both domestic and international forms of tourism.This workshop focuses the attention on rural development as a process of change and continuity, on how it is affected primarily by tourism. We invite papers that are grounded both in fieldwork and in theoretical analysis. They should cover all Europe, but papers focusing on Central and Eastern Europe are especially welcome. Topics may include contemporary forms of temporary mobility- second homes, international forms of tourism; how tourism influences rural development and practices (through agrotourism, e.g.); new forms of relationship between urban and rural contexts; rural development from the perspective of social capital and networks; cultural identities in rural development-how people claim and attribute identities as 'local'; contradictory nature of concepts such as community, environment, cultural landscape, challenging an easy connection between community, culture and identity. A comparative dimension would be of special value ('multi-sited ethnography' of both the cross-country and cross-regional nature) as well as papers dealing with restudies. The aim is to reveal the diversity in European rural development practices and outcomes from anthropological perspectives.