The powerful critique of mainstream anthropology offered by the recent world anthropologies discussion and its attempt to construct an "anthropology of anthropology" seems to offer an opportune moment to revisit the debates regarding the relationship between anthropology and colonialism. Insofar as this is something of a stocktaking exercise, we think it is especially fitting at a gathering of European anthropologists to solicit papers that will address not only the influences of colonial processes on classical anthropology, but are also concerned with peripheral anthropological traditions and their often different, and sometimes non-existent, relationship with crises of statehood in European history. We are interested also in papers that seek to explore anthropological practices and theory-making in the postcolonial world, looking, for instance, at the burdens placed on the discipline by the imperatives of nation-building in newly independent states. Anthropology's "long twentieth century" has played out under the auspices of an extraordinary variety of state forms, from the institutionalised communisms of Eastern Europe to the apartheid systems of Southern Africa to the still established neo-colonial forms of domination in key oil-producing states. We are hoping for papers that will investigate the career of the discipline in these varied contexts. Living in a unipolar world constantly at war with non-state actors, we would also welcome papers that ponder the question of how the discipline is faring in the present context, papers engaging with, for example, the anthropology embedded with U.S. troops in Afghanistan or the ethnographic market research favoured by global corporations.