When we think of ethnography we probably think of descriptions of a people rooted in a place, and/or interpretation of the meanings they attach to themselves, their actions and predicaments; i.e. ethnography involves studying an ethnoi held to comprise human being. Much ethnography is still recognizably like this, but anthropologists have long worried about reifying ethnos. Because of its conflicted and fractured history these worries present themselves sharply in the Irish context. The 2010 Annual Conference of the Anthropological Association of Ireland (AAI) encouraged participants to imagine ethnography beyond ethnos. This workshop seeks to develop the discussion begun at the AAI conference by eliciting papers which defend the ethnographic tradition in Ireland and/or analyze representations of Ireland and Irishness in the existing canon of ethnographic writing, literature and visual art. In this way we hope to create a dialogue out of which may yet emerge new ways of imagining Irish ethnography."