This panel investigates continuities and discontinuities between global zones of violence and peace. Social fantasies of the nation as a secure home threatened by violence from within ("minorities") and without ("terrorism"), as well as global connections between peace and violence through migration, the media, ideological diffusion, the arms trade, networks of profiteering, military globalization, etc, will be brought up for discussion.
The level of violence and insecurity is higher in some places than in others. In one sense, we live in a global landscape that is divided into war zones and zones of peace. At closer inspection, this division turns out to be problematic and a more continuous landscape emerges. The various global zones are connected with one another through migration, the media, ideological diffusion, the arms trade, networks of profiteering, military globalization and so on. Peace and violence may also be causally connected in that peace may be achieved through violence and violence in one place relies on peace in another. Culturally, the dream of peace, security and social justice depends on the exorcism of violence. The nation may be made out to be a secure home threatened by violent intruders (e.g. Hage 1998). Such fantasies are interlaced with images of civilization and barbarism at the global level and anxieties about minorities ("potential terrorists") in the national and local context (e.g. Appadurai 2006). The questions we want to explore in this workshop concern the differences and connections between peace and violence: how is the difference between peace and violence created and imagined? What are the historical, conceptual and social connections between peace and violence? Are peace and violence mutually exclusive notions?