In this PACSA-panel, we wish to discuss the transition from coexistence to the emergence of hatred in multi-ethnic and multi-confessional communities. How do communities cope with cultural diversity and what are the roles given to each gender? How does the communication change in times of violence? How do communities react to outside propaganda and violence?
In many parts of the world, inter-ethnic relations change dramatically after propaganda and violence from outside forces, e.g. from states or under the influence of violent ideological groups. In times of conflict and war, people are often forced to choose between two conflict parties, otherwise they are in trouble themselves. What kind of exchange did exist between the communities before the conflict? Was the relationship characterised by peaceful coexistence with only positive interaction or by resentments and hatred? Combining structural and agency-centred approaches, we wish to compare how local societies cope with or subject themselves to violence and how civilians in multi-ethnic settings behave toward their neighbours in times of intensive propaganda and violence. Special attention will be given to settings where two or more communities live side by side in neighbourhood relations for hundred of years: how are the beginnings of violence defined and which kind of communication is established between these communities just before and after violence: the crucial question is if there is any local concept or mechanism which could be mobilised to protect communities from violence, to end the violence, to repair broken ties, to counter propaganda or to put a term to trauma. This panel will adopt a comparative approach in order to analyse these transitions. Papers that are engaged in long-term ethnographies of coexistence and/or violence in multi-ethnic and multi-confessional settings and that link those settings to global ideologies and networks are particularly welcome.