The implications of imperial tools on sustainability and evolution of technology in XIXth century: A south American case.
(Universidad Andres Bello - Chile)
Paper short abstract:
Case study on the New Zealander engineer Josiah Harding (1842-1917) allows us looking for social structures and mechanisms of education through neogremial organizations (Institution of Civil Engineers), and researching about what was the ideological framework in trade, environment, and colonialism.
Paper long abstract:
Some background have confirmed that engineering has been a colonialist tool. In the case of British Empire we have much information about circulation of engineers in South American countries between 1860 and 1920, that allow assume an ideological spreading carried on with their presence. With a prosopographic tool, we analyzed data from engineers with a transboundary approach, with special attention for Chilean case, focusing on evidence about multiplicity of realities. It seems proper to conceive the British engineering in XIXth century, in special, and others metropolitan scientific groups from North hemisphere, in general, as a cultural practice of transhumance activity in a community that should be studied more deeply to increase knowledge about evolution of technology. The case study on the New Zealander engineer Josiah Harding allows us looking for social structures and mechanisms of education through neogremial organizations, i.e., the Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE), and researching about what was the ideological framework in trade, environment, and colonialism. We can conclude that this cultural analysis collaborates to the theoretical field of evolution of technology and environmental history.
International circulation of engineering teaching models in the 19th and the 20th centuries: the creation of European and Latin American engineering schools in historical and comparative perspectives