This panel will take a multi-disciplinary approach to education in Ghana, considering both historical and present-day examples. The three papers should provide different angles from which we can focus upon education, not simply as a resource for national development, but also as an arena through which the national development has been, and continues to be, debated. From a sociological perspective, Tina Heinze will speak about Islamic education and its relationship to the wider recognition and inclusion of in Ghanaian Muslims in the nation ; from a historical perspective, Kate Skinner will speak about adult education and political engagement since the Second World War; from an educational studies perspective, Emefa Amoako will speak about donor/ministry relations in the current effort to provide free compulsory and universal basic education (FCUBE). Lynne Brydon will chair the discussion, which will revolve around the following questions: How (and how far) do the beliefs and priorities of educational agencies and funding bodies affect the amount and the type of education that is made available to people in Ghana? How (and how far) does education affect the political identities and activities of those who receive, interpret and act upon it? To what extent is education 'national', in its design, content, financing or impact? No space for further papers.