Provision of education for all is seen as a vital step in overcoming poverty, but high primary enrolment rates do not always bring the hoped for poverty reducing effects. Part of the problem lies within the education system: if the only schooling available to the poor is of very low quality it is unlikely to provide a viable pathway out of poverty. The first paper looks at the potential of child support grants as a strategy for overcoming these problems. The outcomes of primary education are also highly dependent on the environment that primary graduates enter into. The second paper looks at the post-primary education and training environments in six countries and how these enable (or inhibit) the realization of the benefits of education.