These papers explore the emergence of cinema culture in Colonial Africa. They focus on cinema houses as novel spaces in African cities. They reveal the role of cinema culture in constituting new urban identities. They also explore the place of commercial cinema in shaping African conceptions of modernity, domesticity, and masculinity in a colonial context. The papers draw on colonial archives, newspapers, journals, and personal interviews to throw new light on a little known, but important aspect of urban life in colonial Africa.