This panel deals with the different uses of nation building and their relations to space, using various methodologies, theoretical backgrounds and fieldworks, from the historical point of view on European states to the ethnographic study of today contestation of the states hegemonic power.
In a context of a globalised exchange of population, cultural goods and representations, the nation building could appear as an old-fashioned matter. In the 19th century Europe, the nation state was a key stone for political power and economical life, linked to a strict definition of its territory and its inhabitants. If the World Wars, the decolonization, and the globalisation seem to have erased the spatial dynamics of the state building, its logics are still alive, due to some new interpretations and uses of the "nations" and "states" building processes. This panel deals with the different uses of "nation", as a territorial reality and as an "imagined community", calling various methodologies, theoretical backgrounds and fieldworks, from the historical point of view on European states to the ethnographic study of today contestation of hegemonic power. The case-studies presented here are grounded on the examination of different objects (including memory, history, folklore, rituals, music, museums, sports, TV, tourism, ethnography or architecture) involved in different nation building processes. The authors underline the central role played by the space, as an engine and as a resource, as it was the case in the 19th century.. But they go beyond the univocal "construction" of nation, dealing with the contestation, the negotiation, and the inversion of narration, collective identity and space of the "nation" in order to observe and explain how to take place in a different way.