P28
The "One Health" approach to understanding climate change and infectious disease - is it enough?

Convenors:
Kathy Maskell (University of Reading)
Claire Heffernan (University of Bristol)
Format:
Panels
Location:
Senate House - Montague Room
Start time:
28 May, 2016 at 11:00
Session slots:
1

Short abstract:

The "One Health" approach takes an holistic view of health and brings together medical, veterinary, public health and environmental communities. To what extent can this approach help us understand the influence of climate change within the complex and changing landscape of infectious disease?

Long abstract:

In recent years the emergence of a range of threats to human health originally attributed to animal pathogens such as Sudden Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Ebola have highlighted the need for a combined approach to health which recognises the interactions between human health, animal health and environmental issues. With this recognition has come the rise of the "One Health" agenda which aims to promote and improve the health of humans, animals and the environment. In this panel we will bring together representatives from the medical, veterinary, public health and environmental communities to discuss how the "One Health" approach might be utilised more extensively as a platform to understand the impacts of climate change on infectious disease. Increasing temperatures, changing rainfall patterns and more frequent extreme weather events can have complex direct and indirect effects on infectious disease. At the same time many non-climatic factors are influencing the disease landscape. For example, greater mobility of human and animal populations has the potential to expose populations to new pathogens. It has been argued that climate change is not a single driver of disease and is better viewed as an embedded context likely to influence a range of diseases in the same landscape among resident human, livestock and wildlife hosts at the same time. We will ask how best to unlock the potential of the "One Health" approach to identify such synergies and interactions important to disease transmission at a systems level.