A panel discussion to discuss: climate change and economic sustainability - the case of Robusta and Arabica coffee. With increases in temperature and varying rainfall patterns the consumers and producers of this commodity will examine issues of the threat of climate change.
Coffee is the second most traded commodity in the world with Coffee Arabica accounting for 70 per cent of the global coffee market by volume. With both Arabica and Robusta accounting for approximately US$16.5 billion in calendar year 2010(ITC 2011).Coffee exports is a vital contributor to foreign exchange earnings, tax incomes and GDP for many countries. However the share of coffee in total exports has been falling (ITC 2011). It is posited that the impact of climate change is a contributory factor. In a study conducted by the International Center for Tropical agriculture it was predicted that with global temperatures forecast to increase by 2 degrees Celsius to 2.5 Celsius and new rainfall patterns over the next few decades, the livelihood of millions of small farmers in coffee producing countries is under threat from climate change. It is necessary for this threat to be taken seriously and adequate preparations made to implement suitable adaptation measures. Participants will discuss these issues in a panel discussion. Panelists are welcome frome producers of coffee as well as from the consumers of coffee. Each of the panelists will present for seven minutes then a discussion will follow.