This panel intends to analyse alternative ideas on agricultural development of Portuguese colonies in Africa that arose in the techno-scientific field in the decolonisation era, often challenging the discourse and practices of the colonial state and of the white settlers.
After the Second World War, in the field of agriculture sciences there were examples of individuals and institutions that generated new ideas and practices regarding the rural development of Portuguese Africa, sometimes challenging the colonial administration and the white settlers' interests, discourses and practices. Experts with vast field knowledge and prolonged contact with African populations, proved to be open to endogenous knowledge and understanding of local agriculture and livestock systems. Contributions to alternative views (varying in nature and degree) surrounding rural development issues were made by professors such as Botelho da Costa (soil science), technicians such as Amílcar Cabral (later the leader of PAIGC) or research bodies such as: the Missão de Estudos Agronómicos do Ultramar; the Instituto de Investigação Agronómica de Angola; the Missão de Inquéritos Agrícolas de Angola; and the pilot-project on the Rural Extension of Andulo (planned and led by Hermann Pössinger of the IFO-Institute in Munich) which would lead to the creation of the Missão de Extensão Rural de Angola. This panel intends to present and analyse alternative ideas for agricultural development of Portuguese colonies in Africa that arose in the techno-scientific field in late colonialism and eventually their legacies after political independencies. The communications may focus on agents and sites of production of those alternative views and discuss their contexts of production, as well as their contents and impacts in late and postcolonial Africa.