P043
Development and pastoralists (Commission on Nomadic Peoples/NME panel)

Convenors:
Kazuyuki Watanabe (Ritsmeikan University)
Location:
103
Start time:
15 May, 2014 at 17:30
Session slots:
3

Short abstract:

This session includes discussion of the two sides of development. First, effects of development and responses of pastoralists are clarified. The second aim is to discuss the development of pastoralists. This session examines and compares aspects of the sustainability of pastoralism.

Long abstract:

Development has become an indispensable theme underpinning the study of pastoralists today. First, pastoralists encounter various aspects of development: prohibition from use of pastures, limitation of migration routes, changing environments, water shortages, livestock losses, the shrinking number of young people willing to continue pastoralism, etc. Second, societies of pastoralist have changed considerably. In most places, pastoralism became not a major option for pastoralists. Instead, labor migration and factory work are increasing among people of post-pastoral societies. Practices of pastoralism have also changed. Some nomads have become cattle keepers in fenced pastures. Other transhumant herders have become daily grazing herders. This session includes discussion of the two sides of development. First, effects of development and responses of pastoralists are clarified. What impacts do they suffer from development? How do they try to overcome those difficulties? Practices of pastoralists are compared. The second aim is to discuss the development of pastoralists. Even if types of pastoralism change, will pastoralism continue through the 21st century? Even if pastoralists stop pastoralism, will they retain their identity as pastoralists? This session examines and compares aspects of the sustainability of pastoralism.