Since the outbreak of the conflict in Syria over 4.5 million people have fled the country to find safe havens in neighbouring countries. This panel will address the questions and problems that shape the local response to the Syrian refugee crisis in light of the regional political environment.
As a consequence of violent conflicts, the Middle East region has witnessed many waves of forced displacement which have remarkably shaped the entire region demographics, politics and economies. Most recently, since the outbreak of the conflict in Syria in 2011, over 4.5 million people have fled the country to find safe havens in neighbouring countries. Being affected differently by the influx of refugees, Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan have adopted different local response policies depending on country specific past experiences with refugees, political systems and considerations, socio-economic situations and demographical factors. These policies include the settlement of refugees in camp or non-camp settings, provision of assistance including access to basic public services such as education, health and local infrastructures, and the legal protection and socio-economic integration of refugees. In reaction to that, Syrian refugees have developed different coping mechanisms including mere livelihood strategies as well as the establishment of refugee-led social institutions etc... This panel will discuss the forced displacement situation in the Middle East within the framework of local, regional and international politics. The panel welcomes interdisciplinary and theory-based papers around but not limited to the following topics: • Socio-political impact of forced displacement on the hosting countries in the Middle East in light of the above mentioned country specificities • Interface between local, regional and international responses to forced displacement • 'Management' of refugee flows: The interplay of national governance and community-based approaches to hosting refugees • Challenges to the implementation of international law: national politics, regulatory frameworks and refugee protection