This panel analyzes the circulation of people and knowledge in the Iberian world during the 16th and 17th centuries. We will study several case studies of global interactions and connections, in order to identify some common operating guidelines for interpreting cultural encounters.
In this panel of two sessions we will discuss some specific encounters that took place in the Iberian world. Joan Lluís Palos (U. Barcelona) will analyze the contacts between Castile, Naples and Tuscany through the marriage of Cosimo de Medici with Leonor de Toledo. Carlos González (U. Barcelona) will see how the artistic knowledge circulated in the Mediterranean (Sicily, Sardinia and North Africa) and Diana Carrió-Invernizzi (UNED) will discuss the use of cultural resources by Spanish diplomatic network in the European courts. Indeed the early modern period was distinguished by a massive increase of cultural interactions, as Portuguese and Spanish agents were present everywhere in the globe, from the Americas and Africa to Japan and China. In our understanding, there was a cultural common ground which is present also in the colonial territories. Portuguese officers travelled from India to Brazil and Africa, taking along with them different cultural practices (Joana Fraga, EHESS). By the late 16th century, the Augustinian friar Juan González de Mendonza published a book which established the first paradigm of China in Europe (Diego Sola, U. Barcelona), while across the world, in America, we can find several examples to demonstrate the interaction between locals and the authorities in Europe, such as the painting commissioned by a group of slaves to send to Philip III of Spain (Verónica Salazar, U. Santo Tomás, Bogotá). All these case studies will serve to illustrate the creation of 'cultural circles' and the importance of a cultural common ground to rule global territories.