CASCA/IUAES2017 Conference in Ottawa
This panel has been opened to facilitate a discussion of international tourism in remote areas. The main focus of this panel will be on local globalization, recovery of tradition, sustainable development and community-based resilience. Speakers from all countries are welcomed.
This panel has been established with the aim of discussing the various ways of globalizing tourism being used around the world. Generally speaking, international tourism has been focused on urban or resort areas. In the case of Japan, facilities and attractions for international visitors have been concentrated around large cities such as Tokyo and Kyoto.
Beyond Japan, the "high culture" attractions tourists seek are concentrated in large cities in many counties. However, indigenous peoples and rural cultures are playing increasingly important roles in attracting tourism to remote areas. These unique cultures are central to SIT (Special Interest Tourism), and help generate sustainable benefits, keep societies in balance with nature, and revitalize local communities.
The trend in tourism is away from mass-tourism toward individually tailored trips, increasing the popularity of SIT. Traditional farmhouses in rural areas, which were once abandoned, are now often refurbished for use as accommodations, cafes and souvenir shops. Sometimes the rural way of life itself attracts urban residents, both domestically and internationally.
In the same manner, traditional indigenous life in remote areas is of increasing interest to international visitors. Indigenous cultures such as the Inuit, Ainu and Australian Aborigines are important attractions to SIT tourists. Often, an understanding of indigenous life is a good way to learn about the local environment and ecosystem in a practical manner.
This panel is closed to new paper proposals.
Challenges facing remote and rural tourism in the context of globalization
The author of this paper intends to introduce research cases that may be useful in facilitating our panel called "Globalization of Tourism in Remote Areas." This introductory paper will facilitate discussions of local globalization, along with other papers from around the world.
There has been considerable field research on tourism destinations. Questionnaire surveys are popular among some geographers for a quantitative perspective. Interview-based research to describe quality characteristics is often used by sociologists. Participation observations are mainly used by anthropologists, and are useful for in-depth research. Sometimes semi-structured interviews are used to examine both quantitative and quality aspects.
These research methods are useful when studying popular destinations that already welcome a number of tourists. However, to create a new tourist destination, research methods from different points of view are required. For example, monitor tours conducted by virtual tourists are useful when collecting data that can help to create future tourism development plans. Sometimes, international students from local universities are useful when making plans to develop international tourism.
Of course local and/or indigenous people know local resources quite well. However, they are not so familiar with the demands tourists might have. Something that is commonplace to local residents might be something tourists see as unusual and attractive. The author of this paper has often been invited to committees working on local tourism development plans. The author once had a similar point of view to the tourists. However, as ten years have passed since the author moved to his current working place, his views are now closer to the locals' views. To understand tourist trends, different research methods are required.
Study on methodology for spontaneous community development through tourism, a new approach "The verbs extraction method"
The author created a design process-model for tourism-based community development. The author wants to show here the results and analysis of the observation using the author's unique new method "the verbs-extracting research method" in some Japanese cities from 2014 to 2016.
The recent demographic changes and an ageing population is a serious matter even in Japanese cities. As one of the countermeasure we can consider how to increase in city-tourist population, especially through effective and efficient utilization way of cultural & historical buildings. The author created a design process-model for tourism-based community development.
The author wants to show here the results and analysis of the observation using the author's unique new method "the verbs-extracting research and workshop method" in some Japanese cities from 2014 to 2016.
The author tried to focusing on using a kind of action theory, namely verbs, human actions and human movements because it could be fit the stage of globalization and thought through developing this kind of protocol for community development through tourism, we could be achieve an ideal and effective fusion between local residents and tourists.
Growth and development of entrepreneurial tourism in remote rural areas: a critical perspective
Tourism in remote rural areas can not be seen as “the magic strategy” that will overcome economic underdevelopment.The resort to the financing of service oriented activities to diversify the traditional agriculturally-centred economy of these areas have met with more failures than successes.
Entrepreneurship is a "cultural condition" that needs to be nurtured through time and experience and cannot be expected to arise spontaneously through the promotion of tourism. Providing the finance to reconvert old properties into hotels or restaurants, or to activate the trading of local products in remote rural areas,is like "putting the cart before the horse".Without adequate marketing, management, financial guide and entrepreneurial training, there could be no long-term employment growth and economic development promotion in remote areas.
Developing community-based ecotourism (CBET) among Japan's Ainu people: learning from the experience of First Nations in Canada
This paper examines the benefits of applying adult education to the Community-Based Ecotourism (CBET) curriculum; the purpose of which would be to revitalize the Ainu indigenous people through Japan’s community development.
This paper examines the benefits of applying adult education to the Community-Based Ecotourism (CBET) curriculum; the purpose of which would be to revitalize the Ainu indigenous people through Japan's community development. The research will further examine the pedagogical implications of introducing adult learning into CBET practices of the Ainu people. Moreover, this paper intends to examine the lessons that the Ainu indigenous people can learn from Canadian Aboriginals' experiences with ecotourism.
Ainu are an indigenous people of Japan. They live mainly in Hokkaido, which is in the northern part of the country. Like Canada's First Nations, the Ainu people are intimately connected to the land and their traditional territories. Since the expansion of the Japanese government's adult education system into Ainu communities, traditional skills, such as cooking, hunting, fishing, weaving, dancing, and singing have shifted from homes to night schools, conversation schools, and community centers. These adult education initiatives have become an important part of the effort to preserve the Ainu language, which is now almost extinguished.
This paper therefore will be examining the progress and benefits so far achieved and the long road ahead for the Ainu people, and how Canada's First Nations ecotourism practices can be introduced into the community to achieve a sustainable tourism enlightenment and awareness.
Unexplored tourist paradise of North East India
UNEXPLORED TOURIST PARADISE OF NORTH EAST INDIA
The present study is delves on the identification of unexplored potential tourist destinations of Northeast India.
UNEXPLORED TOURIST PARADISE OF NORTH EAST INDIA
Professor, Department of Commerce
Manipur University, Canchipur
Imphal, Manipur, INDIA
Geographical location of India's Northeast comprise of eight small states has a unique feature in comparison with the rest of India. Tourism in Northeast India provides a variety of marketable product which does not depend on raw materials from outside. It's also provides unlimited product possibilities such as nature, culture, health, heritage, cruises, business, conventions, spirituality, adventure, sports, ethnicity, religious, entertainment and so forth.
The unexplored tourism potential of the Northeast India has not been fully exploited till date. The Ministry calls the region as 'paradise unexplored'. Global tourism has been booming and future projections shows that this trend will continue. The new generations of travelers who are 'money rich and time poor' are increasingly looking for unique experiences found in the region. For these new and growing breed of tourists the Northeast with its variety and uniqueness holds immense attraction from all parts of the globe. The rich natural beauty and its diversity, exotic cultural and ethnic mosaic, flora and fauna and the serenity of the virgin, unexplored ecosystems provide possibilities of a totally different experience for the tourists in comparison with other parts of the world.
Thus, the present study is delves on the identification of unexplored potential tourist destinations of Northeast India and the SWOT analysis of Tourism Industry of the region will be the main focus of the study.
Keywords: Tourism, Northeast India, unique tourist spot and economy
An analysis of economic and social contribution of travel and tourism in Nepal
This paper evaluates the Travel & Tourism is the one of the major sectors in Nepal. This study main focus is that the travel spending on business within a nation and international visitors indirectly contributes the economic growth.
This study highlights the Nepal Travel and Tourism industry which are not globally flourished yet. However, it contributes 4.0 percent of GDP of Nepal. The literature and data respectively field shows that Nepal still lacks the promotion of touristic place to global communities. It will examine the prospect solution for the promotion of Nepal tourism.
Further, it analysis the Travel &Tourism industries contribution to GDP and employment. Moreover it will discuss the total contribution of Travel & Tourism on Nepal sustainable development. Finally, it found that tourism industry is the vital source of Nepal GDP. Nepal still has the shortcoming for the geographically as well the gap on the remote area international visitors. Therefore, promotion of touristic place and it advertisement is must for further development of industries.
Tourism development of Nepal: a critical analysis of hospitality sector in different perspective
This paper will highlight the organizational structure and its role to tourism sector. Why Nepal has tourism is one of the potential industries although it is not flourish it as it has to do.
Nepal there are few organization for tourism such as Nepal tourism Board, Trekking agencies association of Nepal Hotel association of Nepal, Nepal mountaineering association and Nepal association of Tour & Travel Agents etc. as well sometime government also brought the policy and program for tourism sector. Recently there are many hotels, resorts, Guest house, and lodge to provide facilities and service to the tourist. Although there are lacks on development of infrastructure and attraction of international chain hotel. Looking to the Nepal tourism industry that compare to other develop country like Japan, Nepal always behind to attract the foreigner as their target. So this paper analysis how technology and development impact in the tourism. Further, it will briefly look on Japan tourism organization and hospitality sector that Nepal can improve service sector to attract more tourists from different countries.
Moreover, in the economic perspective Nepal as poor developing nation that emerged from a decade of Maoist insurgency. It faces a set of social, economic and political challenges and opportunities. Nepal national business environment has suffered from structure of geography and political instability. Which not only affects the tourism sector bit but it also affect the national economy? However, still there is some tourism cluster which is positive and potential to contribute to Nepal economic growth. It found that lack of the technology, and infrastructures Nepal tourism sector still not booming up to mark.
The existence of small-scale religious tourism: a case study of Gunungpring sacred graveyard, Indonesia
This research aims to present the recent phenomena of small-scale religious tourism destination which mostly located in a rural areas; what makes this destination remain existed.
Using qualitative methods, this study tried to examine the existence of small-scale religious tourism. Religious tourism activity are usually related to visiting sacred locations such as graveyard, temple, or mountain peaks. To address this, the researcher used the case of visiting sacred graveyard activity among Moslem people in Javanese society, Indonesia. Gunungpring Sacred Graveyard, a small-scale destination which located in a rural area, selected as the case study. In Java, there are thousands of graves that are visited by numerous people. The most important saints in Java are the agents of the Islamisation of the island. The reason of people who visit the sacred graveyard lies in their belief that the saints buried in a sacred graveyard are closer to God than those of ordinary people. The people believe that their prayers will be surely granted through an intermediary of spirits who are buried in the graveyard. Nevertheless, visiting sacred graveyard has been deemed problematic, there are people who still criticize and condemn this practice. Even so, many Javanese still practice sacred graveyard visiting and its culture today. With great anticipation, the researcher hopes that this study can contribute to provide data about the present phenomena of small-scale religious tourism. This study also tries to give a new insight in tourism studies in the discussion of the revitalization of small-scale religious tourism.
On the challenges and opportunities of developing tourism in China's remote western area under the impact of globalization
Under the impact of globalization and urbanization,besides the infrastructure construction,the "interior" or "indigenous" enculturation should be drawn more attention for sustainable development of tourism,which can motivate the locals in the romote area as the major practitioners and profit gainer.
As much attention has been drawn to ethnic tourism for the poverty alleviation and economy development in the remote western area in China, it is necessary to gain a fuller understanding of the advantages of those area as far as "resources" is concern. Under the impact of globalization and urbanization, besides the infrastructure construction,the "interior" or "indigenous" enculturation should be drawn more attention for sustainable development of tourism, which can motivate the locals in the remote area as the major practitioners and profit gainer. On the other hand, this paper suggests that the tourism in remote area should be contain more cultural connotation. Such as tourism in Yi area cannot be simply labeled with activities such as drinking or carnival,which can further marginalize and label the group. While emphasizing cooperative tourism development, policy-makers and other participants need to take precautions against monopolism in tourism market.Because this monopolism become a severe barrier for indigenously-encultured elites and practitioners who deserve both economic and social capital for the credit of their own culture. Facing to the homogenization of global tourism, especially in big cities, traditional indigenous life in remote areas attracts more and more international visitors. Tourism in those area even can be considered as National and regional image. Nowadays, tourism can show us Globalization and localization are not always contradictory when we respect each other and the nature by holding some global, rational and similar sense of worth. Tourism in remote area is also a balance and supplement for the global market.
Tourisme alternatif au Brésil et valorisation identitaire autochtone
Une rencontre de communautés traditionnelles afro-brésiliennes et autochtones a influencé le paysage touristique de la région de la Chapada dos Veadeiros ainsi que la valorisation culturelle au sein de ces communautés, par le biais de transformations identitaires collectives locales.
La Chapada dos veadeiros, région brésilienne éloignée au cœur d'un grand complexe montagneux a longtemps été animée par l'exploitation minière de cristal de quartz. Elle est cependant désormais un point central du tourisme alternatif et ethnique dans le pays. Devenu écotouristique par l'ouverture d'un parc national sur le territoire de l'ancien site minier, la région s'est plus récemment vue modelée par un tourisme ethnique, engouement qui fut créé par la mise en place de l'« encontro de culturas Traditionais da Chapada dos Veadeiros». Cette rencontre de cultures traditionnelles brésiliennes, principalement afro-brésiliennes et autochtones, fut créée dans un but de valorisation des cultures locales pour le tourisme dans les années 2000. En plus d'avoir façonné la récente industrie touristique de cette région, qui était des plus pauvres au pays, cet événement est également devenu, sur le long terme, tant un point de rencontres politiques et un vecteur de constructions identitaires pour les communautés traditionnelles y participant qu'un outil de mobilisation des non autochtones. Cette présente présentation dressera donc un portrait de cet événement et de cette vague récente de tourisme alternatif qu'il a suscité dans la région. Je discuterai ensuite de la corrélation entre ce tourisme particulier et la valorisation culturelle ainsi que le rétablissement des traditions qui se produit au sein même de ces communautés traditionnelles, en traitant des transformations identitaires collectives locales.
This panel is closed to new paper proposals.