ASAUK Biennial Conference 2008
'The Presence of the Past? Africa in the 21st Century'
Date and Time 11th September, 2008 at 14:00
Chair: Billy Frank (UCLAN)
Repositioning the Management of Education in Nigeria: Perspectives on Assessment Evaluation
This study was basically interested on how to reposition the national educational assessment and evaluation in Nigeria. Therefore, a retrospective examination of past researches of scholars in this area was done. Some government agencies had done some meaningful researches that had proffered very useful ways to ensuring a national educational assessment and evaluation for the nation. It was found that when the existing conditions are improved upon and the proffered solutions such as national curriculum improvement and standardization, development of an acceptable test-blue print and monitoring done by Nigeria Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC), the Nigerian dream of developing the nation through the national educational assessment and evaluation is a possible reality.
A Misguided Curriculum: Decentralised Education Policy in Ghana’s Primary Education System
Since the Millennium Development Goals addressed universal primary education as an objective to bet met by 2015, the international development community has been looking for ways to overcome access issues in education. The World Bank situates decentralization strategies within its good governance agenda, compelling developing countries to adopt policies that will decentralize their education system, thereby improving access to education. The Government of Ghana’s decentralized education policy, which began in 1987, is conceptualized within this good governance framework.
This research investigates the extent to which the Government of Ghana’s education policy has been decentralization to determine the effectiveness of this strategy in improving enrolment rates. The government policies stipulate three areas in which access to education will improve as part of a decentralization strategy. These are: power relations between the centre and local governments, resources allocated to the District Assemblies, and development of curriculum. The data reveals that there has been little to no change in these three areas since the introduction of the decentralized education policy twenty years ago.
The analysis reveals that decentralization conceptualized within the World Bank’s good governance strategy is de-concentrated in form; consequently, sufficient resource and decision-making power has not been allocated to the local governments. In effect, these governments have not been able to bring improvements to reflect the accessibility needs of their community and enrolment rates have not increased. This indicates that the decentralization strategy conceptualized by the World Bank’s good governance initiative must be altered if universal primary education is to be achieved by 2015.